How can you be sure that you're doing a job as safely as possible? What about your employees? Are you creating a structured Job Hazard Analysis code, or a Safe Work Procedures manual in the workplace? How do you choose between these two superior models of safety code development?  Whatever the choice, the key to success is training. The highest standard of training produces the best workplace safety record. The tools you choose to develop and document safe practices in the workplace, whether a JHA or SWP mean little without the training to implement them into a successful and lasting safety culture.

No matter how a hazard management system is designed and built, the overall safety of a workplace is mainly the result of diligent compliance strategies and applied worker training programs. Each individual in a workforce has a unique safety profile; with a detailed timeline of orientations, courses, certificates and compliance. Tracking and managing this information along with the logistics of actual training sessions is a challenging task, regardless of the choice of company guidelines. Whatever the platform, whether JHA or SWP, it's how the training component is managed that yields and tracks measurable results. Job Hazard Analysis and Safe Work Procedures are two similar tools for risk assessment and reduction. Training employees to use the them effectively, and managing their progress, is a separate and more complex challenge than the actual systems.

The emergence of complete online systems offering everything from courses and quizzes to full adminstrative control over compliance and records has eased the training burden for companies of all sizes in need of safety management solutions. Visit to discover the ease and effectiveness of an affordable safety management tool. Integrate any work policy into your own system design, and watch your workforce succeed.

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It's never too early to prepare for high water conditions. The pain and destruction inflicted by a flood can be devastating. Learn how to safely flood-proof your home and community in this 4 lesson SafetySync course, featuring presentations by the extension service at North Dakota State University. Great for town hall meetings or group safety sessions, the course covers drain plugs, sump pumps, portable generators, sand bagging and the power of flood waters to challenge health and safety. Sign up for no cost today and start preparing for flood season now.


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To develop procedures that protect people and the environment, and to ensure the sound management of chemicals, the GHS (Globally Harmonized System) will be implemented soon worldwide. Current WHMIS and OSHA systems will be impacted by new classes of hazardous products and new labelling standards which will include the use of nine new pictograms.

All hazardous or "controlled" products in the workplace must be properly labelled. Suppliers and employers each have specific duties and responsibilities to ensure that information on hazardous materials is clearly and consistently provided to anyone who may come into contact with the hazard. With new pictograms to identify the nature of each individual hazard associated with a product, the GHS will help to clarify information and communication systems for everyone affected by hazardous products.

All container labels require a pictogram depicting one or more health or safety hazards that apply to a particular product.  Pictograms found on labels are also found on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for that product. This page gives a brief description of each of the 9 pictograms and the hazards they represent under the GHS.

This pictogram is associated with flammable liquids, solids and aerosols. Flammable liquids have a flash point of not more than 93 degrees Celsius. Flammable solids are readily combustible or may contribute to or cause a fire through friction. Flammable aerosols are gases - compressed, liquefied, or dissolved under pressure and packaged within a non-refillable container made of metal, glass or plastic.


This symbol classifies products referred to as oxidizers. While similar in appearance to the flame pictogram, oxidizers are materials that create or contribute more oxygen to the combustion process, making other materials burn much more rapidly than they normally would. Care must be taken when storing these near flammable or combustible materials.



This image appears on items that are explosive. It may also be found on labels for self-reactive and organic peroxides. An exploding substance or mixture may be a solid or liquid, which is in itself capable by chemical reaction of producing gas at such temperatures, pressures and speed that its force can cause damage or injury. Pyrotechnic substances also display this icon, and are designed to produce an explosive effect through heat, light, sound, gas or smoke.



This pictogram appears on a compressed gas cylinder. Care must be taken, since under the right conditions, a broken valve or regulator can cause the cylinder to become a projectile. In some cases, gases are liquefied so they may be placed into a cylinder. Some of these gases rapidly expand and cool when released from the cylinder.



This pictogram appears on substances or mixtures which are corrosive. Spilling corrosive items on your skin or in your eyes could cause severe chemical burns and/or blindness. Such products may also be corrosive to metals. This means they may also be corrosive to containers or articles made from metal, causing them to break or leak. Careful storage consideration must be given for chemicals of this class. 



The skull and cross bones pictogram identifies products that represent an acute toxicity hazard, commonly referred to as 'poison', meaning that the toxic effects of over-exposure to these chemicals could prove fatal in the right doses. ‘Acute’ means the effects happen relatively quickly as opposed to over a long period time.




This is the health hazard pictogram. It identifies toxic chemicals and products that cause health problems over a long period of time, such as carcinogens, reproductive toxins, respiratory sensitizers, skin sensitizers, target organ, and aspiration toxicity hazards. 



These products are considered irritants to your skin, eyes or respiratory tract. Some chemicals classified as irritants could have an acute toxic effect on your health, though less severe than those depicted by the skull and crossbones. Chemicals causing a narcotic effect to your central nervous system are also classified under the exclamation mark pictogram along with those items which may be harmful to the ozone layer.



This pictogram is found on labels of products and chemicals considered an environmental hazard - toxic to plants and aquatic animals, both acute and chronic.  Some agencies may enforce the use of this pictogram on container labels, OSHA specifically does not consider it mandatory to display or enforce as again it does not directly affect the health and safety of workers.



*More detailed information on these symbols and their associated hazards is available through online safety awareness training at

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